How Old is The Great Wall of China, & Why it Was Built?

How Old is The Great Wall of China?

Great Wall of China
Great Wall of China

Construction started within the spring and autumn duration (770 – 476 bc), and lasted until the ming dynasty (1368-1644). As early as the spring and autumn period, the nation of chu (eleventh century bc-223bc) commenced to build the first wall of China. The qi, yan, wei, zhao and qin states later joined the attempt. After emperor qin shihuang unified the six states, he ordered popular meng tian to attach the present partitions and to increase them further as a the front line protection against possible invasion. Therefore the outstanding wall was formed. It prolonged from lintao (presently lintao county in dingxi city of gansu province) within the west and ended at liaodong (presently the eastern and southern parts of liaoning province) inside the east. It became called “wan li chang cheng” (the long wall of 10,000 li).

In the course of subsequent dynasties, the wall turned into prolonged, repaired and changed. The phase constructed within the han dynasty (206bc-220) is the longest. Throughout the ming dynasty, the wall was extensively repaired on greater than twenty occasions. Today, the high-quality known and maximum visited sections are at badaling, mutianyu, simatai and jinshanling and those have been constructed within the ming dynasty. In general, 20 states and dynasties made incredible contribution to the wall’s production during china’s long records.

Why Became the Great Wall of China Constructed?

The motive of constructing it turned into to shield human beings and territory from invasion.
The partitions, collectively with beacon towers, passes, fortification, etc. Created an difficult protective gadget providing chinese language society with a safe and peaceful surroundings. All through the spring and autumn period and warring states length, there were many states, so that they built separate sections to save you invasion by way of different states. Moreover, states inside the northern a part of china built some sections to defend against the northern nomadic tribes.

Inside the qin dynasty, the wall turned into in particular used to guard the united states of america from nomadic tribes. Within the reign of emperor wu of western han, the wall performed a large function in protective the main force in addition to being a military base within the wars. Each time the u . S . Conquered new territory, the wall might be prolonged, so that the nearby navy pressure would be bolstered. With the help of the splendid wall, the han dynasty conquered increasingly more regions in northwestern china. Within the ming dynasty, fashionable qi jiguang bolstered the sections from shanhaiguan skip to juyongguan bypass by way of building many watch towers after which skilled military based on local landform to defeat invasions.

Longmen Grottoes; Buddist Caves and Art

Longmen Grottoes have served to be home of number of Chinese dynasties over the past centuries, it’s a sublime example of Buddhist caves and art. These caves of Buddhist are located along the “Yi River“, it’s about 10 KM away from another tourist attraction Luoyang, which is another ancient city

The number of these caves are around 2100 along with it there are numerous Buddha sculptures and statues. There are around 3600 stone tablets which are inscribed with different scripts and art work, most of the statutes have name of artists who made them inscribed upon it.

Longmen Grottoes

Longmen Grottoes are considered one of the most important Buddhist ruins, great number of tourists visit these sites to see the amazing work of Buddhist monks. The inscriptions on the stones have diverse field knowledge, even cures from different diseases is mentioned on those stones, there are some remedies that are still in use even after thousands of year. Chinese government is doing their best to preserve the artwork of Buddhists and they have arranged everything to make it comfortable for the visiting tourists.

UNESCO has also listed Longmen Grottoes in World Cultural Heritage Site. In 2003 Chinese government made large scale renovation to preserve these sites.

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Longmen Grottoes

Following are the sites which are a must see if you ever plan to visit this beautiful creation of Buddhists, I would totally recommend you to visit the following amazing sites.

  • Qianxi Temple
  • Three Bonyangdong Caves
  • Middle Cave
  • Wanfo Cave
  • Lotus Cave
  • Temple of Fengxian
  • Temple of Xiangshan
  • Tomb of Baijuyi
  • District Qinggu
  • Hall of Letian

Over around 2 centuries ago, this mountain carving was started by the Wei Dynasty, and then they started expanding it sideways and now it stands as one of the largest ruin site of Buddhists.

The carvings were ordered by the emperors of the dynasties, great number of dynasties took part in carving these caves over the time span of 500 years. The site was damaged a lot in 9th century, number of statues were destroyed when the Anti-Buddhist campaign was started.


In 19th century travelers from different continents discovered this site and starting looting the treasures present inside these caves. In the search of treasures, many status were destroyed and this sacred place was maltreated.

These sites of Longmen Grottoes are now labeled in English for better understanding of tourists, you’ll be astonished to see how ancient people carved the mountains for accommodation, this site is stretched over 1000 meters.

If you have been to Longmen Grottoes and you have witnessed Buddhist caves and art, feel free to share your experience with us in the comments, and if you are planning to visit these caves and you have some question you can ask us in the comments.